As per the latest statistics, around 60% of people with type 1 diabetes are struggling with obesity. Weight gain complicates the condition in people with diabetes as it causes insulin resistance. Although developing type 1 diabetes has nothing to do with excess weight, losing weight reduces the risk of complications.
Type 1 diabetes is considered to be an autoimmune reaction that may develop at any age. This condition destroys beta cells in the pancreas that create insulin. Usually, the symptoms are revealed after years of destruction of beta cells only. Then the amount of insulin that regulates blood glucose level will be gradually reduced in the body and it may stop production. The high glucose level in the bloodstream causes serious damage to the body’s organs. Even though the condition is not curable, there are breakthroughs in medical science for managing the condition.
A person with diabetes should be careful while opting for weight loss. They should follow an adequate diet plan that provides them with the necessary nutrients too. Here are a few tips and tactics that can be followed while trying a diet for weight loss.
Know Your Body And Needs
It is very important to know your body its need for calory while opting for a diet plan. There is no ideal eating pattern that helps everyone. Individualized plans can be prepared with the help of an expert. Common diet patterns such as the Mediterranean diet, low-carb diet, and vegetarian diets are proven effective for people with type 1 diabetes. Supplying enough nutrients, and fiber is important to maintain a healthy well-being.
◾ Lean protein: Lean proteins are an essential component of a diet plan to prevent malnutrition. White fleshed fish, plain Greek yogurt, lentils, peas, beans, white poultry meat(skinless), low-fat cottage cheese, lean beef, and powdered peanut butter are rich sources of lean proteins that help people with type 1 diabetes.
◾ High-fiber carbs: Choosing carbs is a difficult task as carbs give us a full feeling of satisfaction in every meal. Otas, cauliflower, lentils, brown rice, sweet potato, kidney beans, and blackberries are the best options.
◾ Fruits and vegetables: Apples, berries (blackberries, blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries), apricots, plums, peaches, kiwis, citrus fruits, and grapefruits are best here. We should be very careful while choosing veggies too. Carrots, broccoli, zucchini, cabbage, spinach, tomatoes, and cucumber lettuce are good options.
◾ Low-fat dairy: Dairy products are nutritious and it is important to have a small quality in your diet plan. It is better to opt for low-fat dairy if you have type 1 diabetes. Skimmed or fat-free milk, low-fat yogurt, and cottage cheese will be best for you.
◾ Low-fat vegetable oils: It is not easy to avoid oil in our diet. While thinking about weight loss, we should consider low-fat vegetable oils such as canola oil and olive oil.
◾ Processed grains: It is compulsory to say a complete NO to processed grains such as white rice or white pasta. They can have negative impacts on body weight as well as blood sugar levels. White bread is also not a good option.
◾ Added sweeteners: All added sweeteners are unhealthy when it comes to weight loss and diabetes. Ready-to-use jams, sauces, and juices always have artificial sweeteners in them.
◾ Fried food: It is better to avoid fried food as they have high trans fat or saturated fat content in it. Cakes, cookies, pies, frozen pizza, french fries, doughnuts, fried chicken, and non-diary coffee creamers are high sources of trans fat. Butter, palm oil, coconut oil, cheese, and red meat are rich in saturated fat and are not advised while following a weight loss diet.
◾ Added sugar: Added sugar is another component that can put your body’s activities upside down if you are diabetic. Candies, sweetened breakfast cereals, pastries, flavored yogurts, pastries, and cakes are not advised.
Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition. It is not possible to eat dry and colorless always. It is a human necessity to enjoy a treat occasionally. It is okay if you make small adjustments as you wish, but ensure to watch each meal. See that you are accommodating a calorie-rich meal tactically into your diet…