Sunspots are those tiny spots on your face that can be mostly caused by sun exposure for a prolonged duration. This is why these spots usually appear during the middle ages or when you start approaching old age. Hence, they can be easily mistaken for the early signs and symptoms of ageing rather than being properly understood as the causes of sun damage.
There are a couple of ways through which you can get rid of them and regain the elasticity and smoothness of your skin. They include home remedies, clinical treatments that should be done under the supervision of an expert dermatologist and so on.
There are also a variety of topical creams available in the market that claim to effectively treat these sunspots that appear on your face. Resurfacing and microdermabrasion are the names of some treatments done in a clinical setup that can help you get rid of the same issue.
What Causes Sun Spots On the Face? How To Eliminate It?
Solar lentigines is the scientific name of this particular skin condition caused in human beings. This condition is likely to be caused by anyone who is having sun exposure. However, if you are hyper allergic to UV rays or if you are someone with a fair complexion, you are highly likely to have this condition. Apart from that, people who have crossed the age of 40 can also be considered more prone to this skin condition.
Unlike pimples and acne, which are the most common skin conditions concerning a majority of the population, these sunspots will not have a projected appearance. Instead, they appear flat and mostly in brown pigments. These spots develop with the exposure of the skin to increased UV radiation. The high-intensity UV radiation can cause the cells to get pigmented easily thus making spots on your face.
In scientific terms, these pigmented cells are known as melanocytes. According to the solar lentigines cases that have been reported so far, most of them are likely to appear in the areas of the body that are exposed to sunlight, such as forearms, face, shoulders, and hands.
Even if there is nothing serious to be worried about these spots, it can be annoying and concerning for those who care about them. They are less likely to turn out to be cancerous and if you are not very concerned, you may even avoid treating them completely, by just relying on a good-quality sunscreen lotion. However, a lot of advanced treatments are available for those who would like to fade them and prevent them from further appearing on your face and body.
Sunspots Treatment at Home
1. Aloe Vera
Applying aloe vera gel directly on your face or mixing the gel with any kind of face mask and face packs can be immensely helpful. It is the presence of compounds such as aloin and aloe vera that are responsible for the skincare benefits of aloe vera. Apart from that, these compounds effectively work in fading solar lentigines and spots of other hyperpigmentation. However, if you are sensitive or allergic to aloe vera, it is better to switch to other equally effective remedies.
2. Licorice Extract
This is another home remedy that you may rely on if you would like to fade the spots of solar lentigines. It can also effectively treat various other discolourations that happen on your face. Skin issues such as melasma can also be treated with the right application of liquorice extracts or topical creams containing the same.
3. Vitamin C
Vitamin C can be supplemented to your face by applying face masks and various other home remedies by mixing with a few drops of lemon juice. This is a potent ingredient that is rich in several antioxidants which can treat skin discolouration quite effectively.
The L-ascorbic acid can also protect the skin from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays. It is also a proven ingredient to promote collagen production in the skin. Apart from that, a lot of cosmetic formulations available in the market targeting skin lightening contain this particular ingredient in them.
4. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is known as the beauty vitamin. It comes in the form of capsules as well as in the form of oils. You may either consume it internally or apply it topically. However, to maximise the skin-lightening and spot-fading effects of Vitamin E, it is suggested to have it along with Vitamin C. It has proven benefits in reversing the damages caused due to sun damage.
5. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV)
Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is one of the most effective and handy remedies that you may try at home. It is the acetic acid content in this particular ingredient that is responsible for the skin-lightening effects of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV).
Sunspots Treatments at a clinical setup
1. Laser treatments
Laser is one of the most popular treatments that is being practised by people across the world. In this procedure, laser rays of light are passed through the derma layers to destroy the skin cells there and promote the regeneration of healthier ones. It is a time-consuming process since it can take almost 30 min – 2 hours for a single setting. Regeneration of new skin cells can be noticed after 10-21 days of sitting.
2. Chemical Peels
This is also one of the sensational clinical treatments opted for by a lot of people to treat their issues of solar lentigines. When the chemical peel is applied to the affected area, the damaged skin gets peeled off and promotes skin regeneration.
Now you know how to effectively treat sunspots using various home remedies as well as clinical treatments. It is also important to understand that the appearance of such spots is quite common and can be effectively treated with a lot of natural and artificial methods.
However, if you would like to delay the appearance of such spots or prevent them, it is suggested to use good-quality sunscreen in the right manner, irrespective of your age and the climatic conditions of the country you are living in.