Pathogenic bacteria: An alarming term, isn’t it? Well, bacteria are usually everywhere, even in your intestine, but something that makes them healthy for you is that they promote your digestion and are part of your biome. However, when it comes to pathogens and infections caused by these bacteria, they can be quite irritating and dangerous to your health.
Usually, infections from these bacteria are contracted due to carelessness and untidy surroundings. People can get a bit careless when they have the assurance of modern medicine and healthcare systems.
However, staying clear of these pathogens is the best you can do for yourself and your family. Anyway, this article is going to let you in on all the details about these infectious pathogens and preventions, so keep reading:
Prevent The Spread Of Infectious Diseases: Control And Treatment
Getting an infection is quite exhausting and painful in some cases and can cause some serious issues in the future. Pathogenic bacteria are those which cause infection and make you sick. There are infections and illnesses like E. coli, salmonella, and hepatitis, which are common among diseases contracted from these pathogens.
If you have any of these diseases, then make sure you get the treatment immediately. Pathogenic bacteria can only be contracted through some activities, which are mentioned below:
Main Causes Of Infection
Infections and illnesses from pathogenic bacteria like Clostridium perfringens, salmonella, and norovirus are quite common. Anyway, something that makes these viruses and bacteria more common than others is that they can easily be contracted through close contact, cuts and bruises. Here are some of the most common causes that have been seen in people all over the world.
1] Contact With An Infected Host
Getting in contact with an infected host, whether it’s through inhaling the same air or touching, can get you infected with pathogens as well. When you come in contact with a person with infection from E. coli, norovirus, or salmonella, not only does their touch, but their surroundings and belongings can pass those microbes to you. Make sure you are avoiding contact and staying clear from those people until they are treated.
2] Through Cuts And Bruises
Sometimes, cuts and bruises can also cause infection and get you in contact with pathogens. Although the infection contracted from cuts or bruisings might be slow, it is lethal. If you get a cut somewhere on your body and don’t take care of it properly, it can come in contact with bacteria and infect the area. The first signs of infection will be redness, swelling, and increased pain. Afterwards, those pathogens cause nausea, chills and fever, so make sure you are getting treated immediately.
3] Pollutants And Contaminants Can Be A Cause
One of the most common causes of infection is related to pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Contaminated water and foods have a high probability of having pathogens like Legionella, Neleria Fowler’s, and Pfiesteria. Usually, pathogens like these multiply at an enormous rate when their environment changes, such as a rise in temperature, i.e., inside us. If you are eating or drinking contaminated food or water, you are more likely to get infected with diseases like listeriosis, diarrhoea, and E. coli.
What Are Some Foodborne Pathogens And Related Diseases?
According to federal governments, an estimated number of 48 million people contract diseases from foodborne pathogens all around the world. This estimated statistic results in almost 140,000 hospitalisations and more than 3000 deaths every year.
When it comes to foodborne pathogens, it is essential to have some insight into them and diseases related to them. Here are some of the most common foodborne pathogens and diseases caused by them:
- E.coli: When you ingest contaminated water or food, the virus gets inside and starts to multiply exponentially. It affects your urinal duct as well as the gastrointestinal tract, making you lose bowels and affecting digestion and weakness.
- Salmonella: Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne bacterial infections, and you can get infected from it with ingestion of contaminants as well. Common symptoms are severe stomach cramps and fever.
- Hepatitis-A: This disease can infect you from contact with an infected person and contaminants. You can get jaundice, stomach cramps, fever and diarrhoea if you contract hepatitis A.
- Listeria: This pathogen is quite rare, and in very few circumstances, you can get infected from it. Usually, this virus also works like other foodborne germs, affects your bowels, and gives you a fever.
All of these mentioned pathogens most commonly affect people with untidy surroundings, which can cause infections of flys and mosquitos, resulting in diseases. Make sure you are taking all the prevention and tackling tips seriously and implementing them into your life, as mentioned further.
How To Do Prevention And Tackle Pathogens?
When it comes to prevention from pathogens and tackling infections, it is necessary to follow certain habits and lifestyle choices. Apply simple cleaning and sanitation activities to your household, make your neighbours aware, and eat healthy; these activities alone will take care of most of the bacteria near you.
If you live in an area where people usually get infected by bacteria, make sure you are staying clear from them and consider moving shortly. Even if someone in your family is infected by pathogens, use masks and gloves while attending to them; this will reduce the risk of spreading.
Simple yet effective habits will help you prevent yourself from diseases like E. coli and salmonella. Avoid touching your face often, clean and disinfect your surroundings regularly, and always focus on the quality of your food and water, as these are some of the most sanitary habits you can opt for.
Diseases like E. coli, hepatitis A, and listeria can irritate you for a long time if left untreated. Jaundice, fever, intense stomach cramps, and even death are some serious issues related to getting in contact with pathogens.
When you want to stay clear of any of the diseases mentioned above, you must focus on the prevention tips mentioned above. Make sure you are getting vaccinated for Hepatitis A and other diseases to stay healthy and safe.
- ScienceDirect (2003) Pathogenic Bacteria – an overview available online at:https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/pathogenic-bacteria
- National Institutes of Health (.gov)(n.d) Bacterial Pathogenesis – Medical Microbiology available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8526/